4Ks (Philippines)

Country: Philippines
Details of Formation: This group was a fanatical religious sect, which was founded in the 1970s by poor immigrant rural settlers. The group was reorganized as Kapunungan sa mga Kabus Kontra sa Komunista (Organization of the Poor Against Communism) with military backing in 1984. It was active in the mid-1980s.
Details of Termination: Through Executive Order No. 275, President Aquino dissolved all paramilitary units from 15 July 1987 onwards. As there is no (pro-government) evidence for the 4Ks after this order, the PGM is regarded as banned/dissolved.
Purpose: The 4Ks were co-opted by the military and police in operations against insurgent groups.
Organisation: The 4Ks had the backing of the military. Its leader was called Severino Bodiogan.
Weapons and Training: --
Size: --
Reason for Membership: --
Treatment of Civilians: The 4Ks massacred suspected NPA supporters.
Other Information: There is some confusion for what the 4Ks stand exactly for. Evidence points out that the words the ‘K’-characters stand for might have changed over time.
References: Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD.