Weyane Militia/ TPLF Militia/ Tigray People's Liberation Front Militia (Ethiopia)

Country: Ethiopia
Details of Formation: The group was set up by the TPLF in a counterinsurgency campaign in Ogaden to fight the ONLF and to forcefully resettle Ethiopian civilians.
Details of Termination: --
Purpose: The government’s objective for using the Weyane Militia is to centralise the Ethiopian population via resettlements, targeting the Ogaden population (southeastern Ethiopia). Another objective is to fight ONLF (Ogaden National Liberation Front) fighters.
Organisation: It is not clear how the government exercised control and it appears that it was not always successful in doing so, indicated by the fact that there were revolts within the weyane militias, to which the government responded by arresting rebelling militia leaders. It was stated that the government lost control over the militia, failing to discipline its members.
Weapons and Training: --
Size: --
Reason for Membership: Benefits of membership include the permission to loot the local population.
Treatment of Civilians: The militia has been accused of multiple acts of violence against civilians, especially in Ogaden, such as shooting at peaceful protesters, arbitrary arrests, extrajudicial killings, rape, plunder and looting.
Other Information: Leaders of a revolt within the militia have been arrested. A climate of fear and insecurity is created in Ogaden (southeastern Ethiopia).
References: Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD.