Fatah al-Intifada (Syria)

Country: Syria
Details of Formation: Fatah al-Intifada split from Yasser Arafat’s organization Fatah (Human Rights Watch) in 1983. Since this separation, it has been supported by the Syrian and Iranian governments.
Details of Termination: --
Purpose: Syria uses the Fatah al-Intifada mainly to stir instability in Lebanon. Later, the group was actively pro-government in the Syrian civil war.
Organisation: Hafiz al-Assad and his successor Bashar al-Assad provide support and refuge to Fatah al-Intifada. The militia is loyal to Bashar al-Assad. Until January 2013 the group was led by Sais al-Muragha, also known as Abu Moussa. After he died, Abu Ayad Zahreh took over the command.
Weapons and Training: According to one news source, the militants are equipped with mortar bombs, anti-tanks arms, 106mm cannons B-10 cannons and anti-aircraft weapons. It is unclear, whether this only refers to the Fatah al-Intifada or also comprises other similar militant groups.
Size: A news source from February 2013 says that the militants number 500. It is unclear, however, whether this estimate only refers to the Fatah al-Intifada or also comprises other similar militant groups.
Reason for Membership: --
Treatment of Civilians: In a blockaded camp Fatah al Intifada allegedly cut off water on the families living there.
Other Information: Fatah al-Intifada (Fatah Uprising) is a Syrian-backed Palestinian group. It refused the Oslo Agreements of 1993 and is a strong advocate for the armed struggle against Israel. The group fought in Lebanon. In 2006, the Fatah al-Islam, a Sunni Muslim Palestinian group split from Fatah al-Intifada (Human Rights Watch).
References: Human Rights Watch. 2007. “Lebanon: Fighting at Refugee Camp Kills Civilians.” https://www.hrw.org/news/2007/05/22/lebanon-fighting-refugee-camp-kills-civilians

Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD