League/Committees for the Protection of the Revolution (LPR) (Tunisia)

Country: Tunisia
Details of Formation: The date of formation is the date of the first session of the constitutional assembly, after the elections in 2011 in which Ennahda became the strongest party in the coalition government. The group was formed during the Jasmine Revolution that started in December 2010 in order to protect neighborhoods due to the chaotic situation. The first evidence of the LPR being active under Ennahda rule was in July 2012.
Details of Termination: President Moncef Marzouki called for disbanding The League in early 2013 and condemned the actions of the group. Leaders of the Ennahda argued that it was a civil society group and should also act like one, thus should not use violence. Parts of the organization on the local level dissolved in 2013. The League was judicially suspended and dissolved in 2014.
Purpose: Initially, the committees were established as neighborhood watches to act against president’s Ali militias during the political revolution. Later, they were closely allied with the Ennahda party and targeted their political opposition.
Organisation: The committees were first formed during the Tunisian revolution as neighborhood watches, but later developed into political militias that were legalized by the government in 2013. In 2013, president Marzouki called for the disbandment of the militia, which was then officially banned in 2014.
Weapons and Training: No information.
Size: No information.
Reason for Membership: Many committee members were also members of the Ennahda party.
Treatment of Civilians: Militiamen injured protesters from workers’ unions but were also involved in targeting suspected non-Muslims. In addition, one source reports on attacks on journalists.
Other Information: The PGM is sometimes also called Committees for the Protection of the Revolution (CPPR). Based on the description it is just a synonym and not a different group.
References: Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD.