Muslim Brotherhood Gangs (Egypt)

Country: Egypt
Details of Formation: The Muslim Brotherhood (MB) is an Islamic organization that was founded in 1928. After the fall of Mubarak, the MB formed the “Freedom and Justice Party” which is its political wing. Besides winning the parliamentary election, Mohamed Morsi was also elected president and was sworn in on June 30, 2012. In December 2012, it is first reported that there exists some violent subgroups of the MB. Therefore, it is unclear when and how those gangs of the MB were exactly formed.
Details of Termination: The military ousted president Morsi from office and took over power in early July 2013. Afterwards the MB was declared a terrorist organization by court and their activities were banned.
Purpose: The militia was the militant wing of Mohammed Mursi’s political “Freedom and Justice” party and was created to attack government critics.
Organisation: The militia was closely linked to the party and the movement of the Muslim Brotherhood. But there is no further information on how these organizations were connected to one another.
Weapons and Training: The militiamen were armed with machetes, knives and guns.
Size: No information.
Reason for Membership: Members were motivated by their religious beliefs and opposed opinions or behavior that were critical.
Treatment of Civilians: The militia used violence against government opposition and protesters. This behavior led to more anti-government protests, which resulted in the removal of Mursi’s government.
Other Information: It is uncertain if the PGM was supported by the government with material or money. However, Khairat al-Shater, a business man and one of the leaders of the MB, was one of their financiers.
References: Wikipedia. “Muslim Brotherhood”.

Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD.