Death Squads (Cote d'Ivoire)

Country: Cote d'Ivoire
Details of Formation: Death squads are mentioned for the first time during the coup attempt in September 2002.
Details of Termination: The militia ceases to be a PGM with the installment of Ouattara as president in 2011. There is no more information on whether the death squad was fully demobilized and terminated.
Purpose: The PGM was set up to target political opposition, such as activists, supporters or politicians. Militiamen raided homes of opponents or attacked them during protests.
Organisation: No clear command structure can be identified, but they often carry out joint missions with the regular armed forces. Gbagbo’s wife is said to have directed operations of death squads.
Weapons and Training: Although the militia was accused of receiving weapons from former President Gbagbo, they were reported to strategically raid UN personnel’s houses in search of weapons.
Size: No information.
Reason for Membership: Liberian mercenaries were hired. There is no specific information on whether the militiamen joined due to political commitment, ethnic loyalty or payment.
Treatment of Civilians: The militia attacked homes of people in favour of Alassane Ouattara and opposition protesters. Politicians and businessmen listed on the militia’s “killing lists” were targeted.
Other Information: Ethnic membership Bete like President, which is a subgroup of Kru; ethnic target coded according to Gbagbo's opponents.
References: Check PGMD for evidence.