Makikit (Indonesia)

Country: Indonesia
Details of Formation: The group was established in 1976 by Kopassus and was subsequently co-opted by the government. Sources indicate that it was active as a pro-integration militia in Timor between 1997 and 1999. Its existence is based on law No 20/1982.
Details of Termination: On October 25, the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) was established by resolution 1272 passed by the UN Security Council. The UNTAET was responsible for administration, security, and maintaining law in the transition period for an independent state of East Timor, which was officially created in May 2002. Makikit was (partially) disarmed in August 1999 and is not mentioned afterwards.
Purpose: The group was sent to East Timor to support the armed forces in its fight for integration. The group was intended to fight Fretelin and other pro-independence combatants. This was based on the right of citizens to defend the state. Makikit was officially also supposed to protect neighbourhoods.
Organisation: The militia supported the military in the field and was commanded by the armed forces. The military also provided funding (as well as wealthy businessmen with pro-integration interests). The group was active on the district level.
Weapons and Training: The PGM was trained and armed by the military.
Size: --
Reason for Membership: --
Treatment of Civilians: --
Other Information: --
References: Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD.