|Details of Formation:||The group was set up as early as 1947 with help from the CIA and British intelligence.|
|Details of Termination:||The group was discovered and exposed by an Italian judge in 1990, causing shock waves around Europe.|
|Purpose:||The group was intended as a fighting force prepared to counter a possible Warsaw Pact invasion. In this case, it was meant to conduct guerilla warfare and sabotage activities.|
|Organisation:||The PGM was coordinated by NATO and run by the Italian secret intelligence service in close cooperation with the CIA and British Secret Intelligence Service.|
|Weapons and Training:||The group trained with the US Green Berets and the British Special Air Services (SAS) and was equipped from underground arms caches. In Italy there was a training base in Sardinia.|
|Reason for Membership:||Military personnel and civilians were both targeted for recruitment.|
|Treatment of Civilians:||--|
|Other Information:||There was a training base in Sardinia and 139 arms caches were buried around Italy. There were possible but unconfirmed links to a secret masonic lodge type organization called P-2 who counted cabinet ministers, MPs and military officers as members. The PGM was accused of orchestrating a series of bombings attributed to Italian left-wing parties. The network of groups may have some semi-official status within the intelligence community. But this status was instead hidden even from some domestic governments and prime ministers. The groups were ultimately answerable to NATO-CIA rather than to domestic governments in event of attack by members of the Warsaw Pact.|
Ganser, Daniele. 2006. “The Ghost of Machiavelli: An Approach to Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Cold War Italy” Crime Law and Social Change 45(2): 111 – 154.
Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD.
Wikipedia. Operation Gladio. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Operation_Gladio&oldid=763490893