Pulahan (Philippines)

Country: Philippines
Details of Formation: The Pulahan group dates back to Spanish colonial times. Their first pro-government activity is recorded in December 1987 when the Pulahan backed the Civilian Home Defence Force.
Details of Termination: The last evidence is from December 2000 when the Pulahan attacked a fellow Christian cult. In 2001, Macapagal-Arroyo became president. As we have no information on the group’s existence after the change in government, we code it as terminated from the day of government change on.
Purpose: The Pulahan’s main purpose is to fight the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) insurgents.
Organisation: The PGM is connected to district commander Col. Franco Calida, who is called “The Godfather” by a Pulahan member and contacted to ask for ammunition. In General Santos city the Pulahan are led by Kumander Inday. One news source from 2000 says their leader was Edecio Quinanola (but he was killed that year).
Weapons and Training: Pulahan use machetes and guns, such as a World War II Thompson machine gun. They are armed by the military.
Size: In 1999, the Pulahan claimed to have 100 members.
Reason for Membership: Members are described as fanatic and believing that bullets cannot harm their bodies.
Treatment of Civilians: In 1991, members of Pulahan, alongside a soldier and a military informer, killed a priest who spoke out against illegal logging.
Other Information: Pulahan was an armed religious, pseudo-Christian cult. It supported the military and other PGMs, such as Alsa Masa or CHDF in their operations. In 2000, the Pulahan was also fighting a rival pseudo-Christian cult called Philippine Benevolent Missionary Association (PBMA).
References: Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD