Nakasaka (Philippines)

Country: Philippines
Details of Formation: The PGM was established in 1987 as community-based force in Mindanao by Jesus Magno (commander of the provincial Police Constabulary) after a nationwide cease-fire with the insurgents ended in February.
Details of Termination: After the Nakasaka’s opponent, the NPA, was defeated in the region, the PGM ceased to exist. In 2007, one source suggests a possible revival of the group but there is no evidence that it actually happened.
Purpose: The Nakasaka’s main purpose was to fight the NPA rebels. It was considered successful and forced the NPA rebels to retreat to other provinces.
Organisation: Nakasaka was supported by the local governor and military commander. President Aquino also declares support for the Nakasaka.
Weapons and Training: Officially, Nakasaka were not allowed to bear firearms, and were sometimes called unarmed. They were armed with stones, sticks, sling shots, bows and arrows, knives, fake guns and machetes. Some also carried pistols and homemade pellet guns. Members received regular military training and instruction.
Size: --
Reason for Membership: Officially membership was voluntary; however, all citizens were expected to join and those declining membership have to defend their decision.
Treatment of Civilians: The Cebu Movement for the Disbandment of Vigilantes reported in a newspaper article that also mentions the Nakasaka, that vigilantes were responsible for murder, looting, mass evacuations, raping of women and beheading and hacking to pieces the bodies of civilians.
Other Information: The Nakasaka is also known as United Association/People for Peace.
References: Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD