National Patriotic Front of Liberia (Liberia)

Country: Liberia
Details of Formation: This group became pro-government when Charles Taylor and five other warlords called a truce and set up an interim ruling council in August 1995. Between 1989 and 1992 it was a rebel group that held much of Liberia (except Monrovia).
Details of Termination: Although there were negotiations after which rebels were integrated into the transitional government, groups continued to fight until the Abuja Accord supplement came into effect in August 1996. There was a negotiated agreement to disarm the militia, which was implemented in 1997 when the group started to be disbanded. However, this process was not completed immediately as one report from 1998 states that Taylor still used the NPFL. Many NPFL fighters were integrated into the regular armed forces and the police under Taylor. The group ceased to be pro-government with the resignation of Taylor in August 2003.
Purpose: The NPFL was used by Taylor to fight rebel groups and political opponents, particularly during the First Liberian Civil War.
Organisation: The leader of the NPFL was Taylor, from whom members took orders.
Weapons and Training: The NPFL was armed with howitzers, guns, mortars and missiles, according to UN officials. The weapons and members’ training were provided by the government.
Size: --
Reason for Membership: --
Treatment of Civilians: The NPFL was responsible for massacres, killings, torture, kidnapping and political assassinations. It has also been stated that it had a major role in the initiation of the First Liberian Civil War.
Other Information: The group supported itself with illegal trade in diamonds, hardwood and rubber.
References: Wikipedia. „National Patriotic Front of Liberia.”