People's Militia (Myanmar (Burma))

Country: Myanmar (Burma)
Details of Formation: In March 1983, a possible foundation of the people’s militia is reported but it became first active in August 1983. It is unclear which institution was the initiator, but sources report that it was formed by army forces, who started recruitment in villages along the Bangladesh border.
Details of Termination: Still in existence in 2014
Purpose: The group was formed as part of the official armed forces’ effort to mitigate security threats from internal and external attacks. It was to be used as a threat to intimidate and deter insurgents from attacks. Other functions were gathering intelligence, identifying and arresting insurgents and guarding the border.
Organisation: From 1990 to 2012 the group was led by T Khun Myat. It was under the control of the army, and specifically the army Chief of Staff (after 2002). However, a report states that the government was not able to effectively control the PGM. The group carried out joint operations with the armed forces and the people’s police force.
Weapons and Training: News sources state that the group was trained by the military.
Size: --
Reason for Membership: There was a legal provision for the forcible recruitment of members if it was deemed necessary by the president.
Treatment of Civilians: According to reports by Human Rights Watch, the group was responsible for serious abuses.
Other Information: The group is referred to as an auxiliary to the official armed forces, among others, including the Myanmar Police Force and Frontier Forces. The group was apparently involved in drug trafficking.
References: Human Rights Watch. 2011. “Burma: Q & A on an International Commission of Inquiry.” March 24, 2011. https://www.hrw.org/news/2011/03/24/burma-q-international-commission-inquiry

Human Rights Watch. 2007. “Repression of the 2007 Popular protests in Burma.” December 6, 2007. https://www.hrw.org/report/2007/12/06/crackdown/repression-2007-popular-protests-burma

Human Rights Watch. 2010. “Universal Periodic Review Submission: Myanmar (Burma).” July 1, 2010. https://www.hrw.org/news/2010/07/01/universal-periodic-review-submission-myanmar-burma

Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD.

Wikipedia. “T Khun Myat.” https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=T_Khun_Myat&oldid=833014462

Wikipedia. “Tatmadaw.” https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tatmadaw&oldid=831647296