Malaita Eagle Force (Solomon Islands)

Country: Solomon Islands
Details of Formation: As a result of coup in 2000 and militia leader becoming member of gov 2001 until Australian intervention and disarmament in August 2003
Details of Termination: Joint operation with a faction of the police (cf. Seagulls pgag) to affect a coup in 2000. Turned in guns following Australian brokered peace deal, thus became non-armed.
Purpose: During the late 1990s and early 2000s, tensions between the Malaitans and Guales began to erupt. The militia was created to defend Malaitans and their property in Guadalcanal. (Wikipedia)
Organisation: The MEF carried out joint operations with the police forces. In 2001, the militia’s leader Alex Bartlett became the country’s foreign minister after the militia staged a coup in 2000. In 2003, the Townsville Agreement officially disbanded the group.
Weapons and Training: In 2003, a disarmament campaign began, and the militia handed in 99 weapons.
Size: No information.
Reason for Membership: Members were Malaitans who joined the militia because of their ethnic loyalty.
Treatment of Civilians: The militia attacked civilians to threaten and extort money from them. In addition, they attacked journalists who reported on human rights abuses committed by the militia. (Amnesty 2000)
Other Information: --
References: Amnesty International. 2000. “Fear for safety. Solomon Islands”. AI Index: ASA 43/10/00.

Wikipedia. “Malaita Eagle Force”.

Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD.