Ahi (Indonesia)

Country: Indonesia
Details of Formation: Ahi emerged as a pro-integration militia similar to Aitarak, Besi Merah-Putih, Laksur, Sakunar etc. in mid-1999. It was part of the umbrella pro-integration force. The Ahi militia worked closely together with the Indonesian army but it is not exactly clear who founded the group.
Details of Termination: On October 25, 1999 the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) was established by resolution 1272 passed by the UN Security Council. The UNTAET was responsible for administration, security, and maintaining law in the transition period for an independent state of East Timor which was officially created in May 2002. With the creation of the UNTAET, the group was no longer pro-government.
Purpose: The group was formed as part of an initiative by the Indonesian government to keep UN personnel in check, including monitoring its actions with permission to use force against it case of perceived violations of its neutrality. The group was also part of the pro-integration forces (PPI) and targeted suspected supporters of East Timor independence and in particular CNRT and Falintil supporters.
Organisation: The PGM was part of the pro-integration forces (PPI) and commanded by Tomas Mendonca. It closely cooperated with the military (TNI).
Weapons and Training: Based on one incident in which members shot at a civilian, members must have been armed with guns, though it is not clear by whom.
Size: --
Reason for Membership: --
Treatment of Civilians: The group systematically attacked civilians, particularly targeting supporters of East Timor’s independence, who were killed, tortured, arrested or detained by members. The group burnt down houses and forcefully deported the population to West Timor, especially in the village of Aisirimou in Aileu.
Other Information: The name of the militia stands for Aileu Hidup Dengan Indonesia/Intergrasi-Aileu Lives with Indonesia.
References: Information was taken from news sources listed in the PGMD.